Casework services provided by employment officers, counselors, or specialists, usually at local employment offices, often with individualized action plans (IAPs), co-responsibilities, and monitoring of progress on IAPs and compliance with co-responsibilities.
(aka workfare programs)
Programs that typically provide cash benefits (such as unemployment benefits or social assistance) with monitored individualized action plans and co-responsibilities (such as availability to work, job search, participation in ALMPs).
Interventions aimed at the improvement of the beneficiaries’ prospects of finding gainful employment, in other words, to enhance their employability. They typically include training, services and incentives to promote entrepreneurships or start-ups, job creation (including public works), wage subsidies to incentivize hiring of unemployed workers, first-time job seekers, disabled workers, or other target groups.
The Administrative divisions of the social services (usually Municipalities or smaller divisions like the Italian "Municipi").
(aka supply-driven approach or en masse registration approach)
Approaches sometimes used to register groups of households to be assessed and considered for potential inclusion in one or more programs. Three key features characterize administrator-driven approaches: (1) the impetus for initiating the engagement is driven by administrators, not the people being registered (state ≥ people); (2) registration is usually carried out en masse (groups or cohorts of households); and (3) timing: the timetable for administrator-driven approaches is typically driven by financing and capacity, not by the timing or needs of specific households. See also the on-demand approach.
Individuals, families, or households who apply for benefits and services at their own initiative. See also registrants.
A set of functions and procedures for integrating application components. APIs allow software applications to communicate with each other without having to know how they are implemented.
Source: Sourcebook on the Foundations of Social Protection Delivery Systems
IBM has a more detailed and tech-oriented definition: An application programming interface, or API, enables companies to open up their applications’ data and functionality to external third-party developers, business partners, and internal departments within their companies. This allows services and products to communicate with each other and leverage each other’s data and functionality through a documented interface. Developers don't need to know how an API is implemented; they simply use the interface to communicate with other products and services. API use has surged over the past decade, to the degree that many of the most popular web applications today would not be possible without APIs.
Source: What is an Application Programming Interface (API) | IBM
Systematic processes for determining the needs and conditions of registered individuals, families, or households for the purposes of (1) determining potential eligibility for specific programs and/or (2) informing the determination of benefits and services that may be rendered by the programs.
The focus of an intervention. It can be an individual, a family, or a household.
Process of establishing confidence that a person is who they claim to be. Digital authentication generally involves a person electronically presenting one or more “authentication factors” to “assert” their identity—that is, to prove that they are the same person to whom the identity or credential was originally issued.